Movie S1.

How to grow a snapdragon flower from a cylindrical sheet. Movie shows an example of acomplex vegetable shape. In each case, once the growth patterns are determined by solving the inverse problem, we calculate a sequence of elastic equilibria thatinterpolate between the featureless sheet (the reference state) and the final complex shape.

Growth patterns for shape-shifting elastic bilayers

Wim M. van Rees, Etienne Vouga, and L. Mahadevan

PNAS. 2017. 114:11597-11602 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1709025114