Movie S1.

Tail deflections induced by neuromuscular actuation. Before releasing the swimmer, tails are cut first and the capability of muscle contractions to induce tail deflection is verified. Movie plays at 2x speed.

Neuromuscular actuation of biohybrid motile bots

Onur Aydin, Xiaotian Zhang, Sittinon Nuethong, Gelson J. Pagan-Diaz, Rashid Bashir, Mattia Gazzola, and M. Taher A. Saif

PNAS. 2019. 116:19841-19847 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1907051116