Movie S1.

Vorticity isosurfaces, colored by the axial velocity, over a complete cardiac cycle for each valve thickness case.

Thinner biological tissues induce leaflet flutter in aortic heart valve replacements

Emily L. Johnson, Michael C. H. Wu, Fei Xu, Nelson M. Wiese, Manoj R. Rajanna, Austin J. Herrema, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Thomas J. R. Hughes, Michael S. Sacks, and Ming-Chen Hsu

PNAS. 2020. 117:19007-19016 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2002821117